Classical References

A fascination with “The Antique” during the 17th through 19th centuries cannot be overstated. Classical languages (Greek, Latin, and Hebrew) and the writings of Greek and Roman scholars were studied in great depth; ancient monuments on the European continent were “toured”; and ancient artworks that survived above ground or had been discovered during archaeological excavations were reproduced as three-dimensional objects, as surface decoration, and as published images.

Some of the most widely copied Greek and Roman designs during this period were those associated with wine consumption. In some cases, consumers adapted the ancient forms to suit new uses. Imitations of krater vases, originally used for mixing and serving wine, might be created as garden urns or sporting trophies. Portrayals of ancient deities amid classical grapevine motifs might appear as ornament on soup tureens or as decorative elements in advertisements.

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